when it comes to changing the world, these women have invented, researched and collected their way to a place in scientific history.
more widely known as a hollywood star during the 1930s and 1940s, hedy lamarr (1914-2000) was much more than a pretty face. after her home country austriawas taken over by the nazi, highly intelligent and fearless, lamarr worked with scientist and inventor george antheil to develop a secret communication system. without her work, wireless (无线的) technology as we know it today would not exist (存在). today she is considered as the mother of wifi.
ameenah gurib-fakim was born in 1959 in mauritius, the country for which she now serves as the first woman president. she is a scientist who has spent many hours researching the local plants of mauritiusand their values as medicine. she has held many high positions in the fields of both politics and science and was awarded (授予) the 2007 unesco award for women in science.
grace hopper (1906-1992) was one of the first computer programmers ever in the us. in 1944 she worked on the harvard mark i computer and invented the first compiler (编译器) for computer programming language. in other words, she worked out how to explain computer programming language to humans.
mae c. jemison
on june 4, 1987, mae c. jemison became the first african-american woman to enter the space program. on september 12, 1992, she joined several other astronauts on the endeavour, becoming the first african-american woman in space. born in decatur, alabama in 1956 and raised mostly in chicago, jemison holds many awards and degrees. as a child, jemison spent a lot of time in her school library, reading especially books about space.
1. which of the following did hedy lamarr achieve?
a. introducing wifi for the first time.
b. co-developing a communication system.
c. keeping her country from being taken over.
d. playing a key role in internet development.
2. why has ameenah gurib-fakim spent much time studying plants?
a. to protect the environment.
b. to draw public attention to them.
c. to learn about their medical values.
d. to help her people start businesses.
3. who is most probably an expert on computers?
a. hedy lamarr.
b. grace hopper.
c. mae c. jemison.
d. ameenah gurib-fakim.
4. it can be inferred that when mae c. jemison was young, she ______.
a. showed great interest in space
b. was encouraged by an astronaut
c. failed to receive a good education
d. wanted to become the first astronaut
for years, i was unhappy with most of the gifts i received. i put a lot of thought into the gifts i gave to others, and it seemed to me that they didn't return the kindness. i felt the most important people in my life didn’t really know me or maybe didn't care enough about me.
one day, i was opening a gift from my son — a blouse more stylish than i felt comfortable wearing. my first thought was that it was just another blouse to hang in the back of my closet (衣橱). but when i looked up at jason's face and saw him smiling at me with expectation, i finally got it. it was a deep understanding that made me change the attitude of a lifetime in a moment.
"what do you think, mom?" asked jason, waiting for me to pull the blouse out of the box. "i thought it would look so nice on you."
"it's beautiful," i said as i hugged him. at that moment, i realized that jason saw me as someone who would be open to wear something more beautiful than my usual clothes.
i began to think back on gifts i had declined (拒绝接受) as a bad fit for me. i learned the fact that maybe the people who gave me the gifts saw something in me that i didn't see in myself. i began to see myself as others saw me. that opened me up to change and growth.
in the years since i received jason's gift, i have hardly felt disappointed when a gift doesn't match my interests or wishes. the idea that someone thinks of me and spends valuable time, thought and money buying a gift is more than enough for me. it's amazing how much more i appreciate my family and friends since that sudden understanding.
5. why was the author unhappy with the gifts she received for years?
a. she was often ignored by others.
b. she was generally misunderstood.
c. she thought they were a waste of money.
d. she thought they were not well-chosen.
6. how did the author feel when she first saw the gift from her son?
7. what has happened to the author since she received her son's gift?
a. she is trying to develop more interests.
b. she spends more time with her family.
c. she has become popular with her friends.
d. she looks at gifts with a thankful heart.
8. what would be the best title for the text?
a. the value of gifts
b. the gift of change
c. how to get a good fit
d. how to choose gifts
unicefusa has a duty to end childhood hunger and save lives. to achieve their goal, the worldwide organization is using the power of kids. the goal of their kid power program is to "put kids first all around the world," said elizabeth mccostlin, managing director of unicef usa's chicago regional office.
on may 20, unicef held a kid power event at the chicago children's museum. the day included such activities as musical entertainment and face painting, as well as a special appearance of a robot named r2-d2.
using the unicef kid power band and app, kids in the us can track (跟踪) their exercise and learn about other cultures. through their activities, kids win points and unlock funds (基金) from parents, friends, and others. with these funds, unicef is able to send food packages called rutfs to thousands of poor children around the world.
ciara brown, a chicago-area fifth grader, understands the lifesaving purpose. "it's really good because we're helping poor children around the world," she said.
so far, the unicef kid power team has provided more than 6.4 million rutf packages to thousands of children. many students in chicago public schools (cps) have already joined.
"kids here are able to keep their own bodies healthy, and they can help others," said ken fox, chief health officer of cps. "the steps that they take ... really save lives."
kid power bands can be bought online or at stores. mccostlin encourages everyone to get a kid power band to stay fit and help end child hunger.
"kids are excited to get active and really make a difference around the world," she said. "all kids can have superpowers, just by getting active."
9. what's the purpose of unicef usa's kid power program?
a. to support children's museums.
b. to help kids with their studies.
c. to get kids active physically.
d. to help end child hunger.
10. what can kid power bands help kids do?
a. exercise their minds.
b. make food packages.
c. get high grades.
d. collect money.
11. what does ciara brown think of the kid power program?
a. it is meaningful.
b. it could be even better.
c. it gives kids a life purpose.
d. it needs more kids to join.
yes, 5,000 years. that's older than stonehenge. and five thousand years later, it hasn't lost any of its wonder.
new grange can't be visited directly. if you're driving, head towards brú na bóinne. here, you'll find a centre where you can buy tickets, and start a guided tour by bus. if you don't have a car, don't worry — you can take day tours from dublin, the capital of ireland.
arriving at the 80-metre passage tomb (通道式坟墓) is a wow-moment. a passage tomb generally has a narrow passage and one inner room. the tomb is often built to allow the sun to shine into the passage at a special point in the year. a guide will tell you the stories and history behind the ancient building made of stone. newgrange could have been built as a tomb or a temple — in reality, nobody knows which. the truth will remain a mystery.
once the scene has been set for you as a visitor, you'll step inside the tomb, and then through the passageway you'll enter the cool inner room, the centre of newgrange.
this inner room is where a lucky few — chosen from thousands of people each year— stand together to enjoy the yearly winter solstice (冬至) wonder. in this moment, a line of light can be seen snaking 19 metres up the passageway, finally bathing the inner room in light. if your are not one of the lucky ones, don’t fret. all visitors are treated to a simulated (模仿的) scene.
in fact, newgrange isn't the only passage tomb at brú na bóinne. together with nearby knowth and dowth, it was included as a unesco world heritage site in 1993. not bad for a site that once was going to become a quarry (采石场)!
12. which of the following do scientists know little about newgrange?
a. why it was built.
b. how old it could be.
c. what it was made of.
d. how it was protected.
13. who can see the winter solstice wonder in the inner room?
a. only visitors from dublin.
b. only one visitor on that day.
c. all visitors arriving on that day.
d. a very small number of visitors.
14. what does the underlined word "fret" in paragraph 5 mean?
a. be satisfied.
b. be relaxed.
c. be scared.
d. be upset.
15. what can we learn about knowth and dowth?
a. they have a longer history than newgrange.
b. they have bright passages all year round.
c. they are also important passage tombs.
d. they were once used as quarries.
long plane trips can be tiring. luckily, there are things you can do both during and after a long flight that can help reduce (减轻) your discomfort.
during the flight
• 16 boredom gives you the chance to pay attention to your discomfort. instead, help pass the time by watching a movie, reading a book, writing a letter, walking up and down the aisle (过道), or listening to music.
• drink a lot and eat just a little. the longer the flight, the more the air dries out. 17 stay away from wine and coffee because they can make you lose more water. eat lightly.
• make yourself comfortable. wear loose-fitting clothing and sit comfortably. 18 avoid crossing your legs, and get any hard subjects out of your back pockets.
• get a good seat. request a seat over the wing or the wheels. 19 sitting in an aisle seat will make it easier for you to get up from your seat and will give you more legroom.
• sleep. if possible, sleep during night flights, and just take a very short sleep on day flights.
there is no useful way to deal with jet lag (时差综合症). 20 for example, you can reset your watch when you take off, and you can eat and sleep at the local time right away.
a. keep busy.
b. avoid ear pain.
c. however, environmental treatment may help.
d. this is where you will hardly feel the moving or shaking.
e. proper sitting helps reduce aches, pains and back soreness.
f. drinking about one glass of water each hour can reduce this dryness.
g. reduce ear pressure during takeoff and landing by having hard candy.
today, we went out for thanksgiving dinner with my husband's family. it's a new tradition, but i don't 21 it. i'd prefer to 22 but because of transportation problems, that's just the best 23 for now.
it was the same as last year. i think that if the waiters have to spend their holiday 24 , then i'm going to tip them as much as i possibly can to express my 25 , and i put the tip in a handmade thank-you card and i write them a short message. so that's what i 26 today. my husband gave the waiter the card. after a few minutes the waiter 27 , and i saw that his hands were shaking really badly. he was 28 and said that holidays are traditionally "bad tip days" 29 people go gift shopping right after and that we had just made a 30 in his whole day. after that came a happy long conversation. it was really 31 .
it does 32 me that some people spend their money going out to dinner, and then go and spend more money on 33 . don't they have a few dollars to give a proper 34 ? i didn't feel our tip (30%) was too much; it was just 35 enough to let the waiter know that we really admired his work today (if you’re not in the us, a 20% tip is suggested here these days). 36 , it felt good connecting with him, talking with him, and knowing we had made him 37 .
the only thing i 38 was a handmade paper dove (鸽子). i had packed 39 but on the way out the door i just forgot to 40 it to the card. oh well, i’m sure it too will find the perfect home soon.
21. a. know b. like
c. accept d. understand
22. a. cook b. shop
c. relax d. play
23. a. position b. price
c. program d. way
24. a. preparing b. reading
c. working d. travelling
25. a. luck b. pride
c. interests d. thanks
26. a. saw b. learned
c. did d. remembered
27. a. came over b. stayed away
c. looked up d. broke in
28. a. praised b. touched
c. worried d. instructed
29. a. because b. or
c. but d. so
30. a. plan b. decision
c. chance d. difference
31. a. convenient b. boring
c. nice d. simple
32. a. embarrass b. hurt
c. challenge d. anger
33. a. trips b. books
c. gifts d. sports
34. a. invitation b. order
c. job d. tip
35. a. big b. expensive
c. quick d. smart
36. a. soon b. anyway
c. however d. instead
37. a. brave b. happy
c. useful d. successful
38. a. forgot b. discovered
c. needed d. explained
39. a. nothing b. everything
c. one d. some
40. a. introduce b. add
c. send d. compare
vienna, the capital city of austria, is so beautiful! while wandering around the city, it's 41. ________ (possible) not to admire the beautiful buildings! not only the environment, 42. ________ the people are beautiful — inside and out! from the sellers to the zookeepers, everyone was very nice! what's more, the traditional austrian costumes are 43. ________ (real) something to see and they 44. ________ (wear) proudly for festivals. we were surprised at how wonderful everyone looked in them!
vienna is also family-friendly. six of us 45. ________ (travel) to vienna, my mother and father, my wife and i and our two young sons, and we all had a great time. everyone in vienna speaks english. in all of the restaurants, shops and museums 46. ________ we visited, people spoke english. we encourage our children 47. ________ (learn) other languages. however, my little guys did not remember much 48. ________ (many) than some very simple words, so 49. ________ was nice that they could still talk with everyone. vienna also has some fantastic playgrounds, which are located (位于) around tourist attractions. so while my parents visited the museum, i was able to run around the park with my little guys, 50. ________ (enjoy) the beautiful day until it was time to go back!
注意：1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词；2. 只允许修改10处，多者（从第11处起）不计分。
last weekend i took a bus to the city library and i left my bag on the bus after i get off. i felt quite worrying and sat down by the road, think what i could do. soon a kind woman asked me that there was a problem. i told her about the bus or she said she could help me. we got into her car and we drove at high speeds. a few minutes late, we saw the bus and my new friend opened the window and i started shouting the bus driver. at the first, the bus driver thought i was crazy and drove fast than before. then he remembered my faces and stopped.
注意：1. 词数100左右（开头和结尾已给出，但不计入总词数）；2. 可适当增加细节，以使行文连贯。
1-5 bcbad 6-10 adbdd 11-15 aaddc 16-20 afedc
21-25 badcd 26-30 cabad 31-35 cdcda 36-40 bbacb
41. impossible 42. but 43. really 44. are worn
45. traveled 46. that 47. to learn 48. more
49. it 50. enjoying
51. ... i get off. get → got
52. ... quite worrying ... worrying → worried
53. ... think what ... think → thinking
54. ... asked me that ... that → if / whether
55. ... or she said ... or → and
56. a few minutes late ... late → later
57. ... shouting the ... shouting后加at / to
58. at the first ... 去掉the
59. ... fast than before. fast → faster
60. ... my faces ... faces → face
one possible version:
how nice to hear from you! in your letter you talked about your difficulties in chinese learning, and i'd like to give you some advice.
in my view, first, you should practice speaking chinese for at least 15 minutes every day, and learn some everyday chinese by heart. then, it's a good idea to watch some situation comedies every day, which is good for your chinese speaking and listening. as for writing, reading proper reading materials as much as possible can be of great help. some of the better ones should be read several times and even recited. besides, keeping diaries will greatly improve your writing skills.
hoping these suggestions will do some good to your chinese learning.